International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management

Vol. 13, No. 1 (2016) 1650001 (26 pages)

World Scientific Publishing Company

DOI: 10.1142/S0219877016500012

 

Early-Stage Adoption of Improved Banana Matooke

Hybrids in Uganda: A Count Data Analysis Based

on Farmers' Perceptions

K. Akankwasa

, G. F. Ortmann

and W. K. Tushemereirwe

, E. Wale

 

Banana Program of the National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO)

P. O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda

 

Department of Agricultural Economics

School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences

University of KwaZulu-Natal, P/Bag X01, Scottsville

Pietermaritzburg 3209, South Africa

 

National Agricultural Research Laboratories

Kawanda, P. O. Box 7065 Kampala, Uganda

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Received 28 May 2014

 

Revised 14 January 2015

Accepted 8 April 2015

Published 14 September 2015

 

 

This paper analyzes farmers' perceptions regarding the consumption and production attributes

of new banana hybrids in Uganda. The data were collected from a sample of 454 farmers.

Following descriptive statistics and a factor analysis, a zero-in°ated poisson (ZIP) regression

model was estimated to understand the e®ect of farmers' perceptions and other factors on the

likelihood of adopting the new hybrids. The results show that, compared to a local variety

(Mbwazirume), four of the hybrids are preferred in terms of production attributes but regarded

as inferior with respect to consumption characteristics. Resistance to nematodes, tolerance to

weevils and high performance in good seasons in terms of bunch size mainly explain early-stage

adoption of the hybrid banana varieties. Hybrid M9 is regarded as having a relatively good

performance with respect to most of the production and consumption characteristics. In collaborationwith extension agents, variety M9 could be disseminated to a wider farming community that targets larger households, younger farmers and farmers with relatively large sizesof land.

 

Keywords: Banana (Matooke) hybrids; farmers' perceptions; ZIP models; Uganda.

 

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article thumbnailFarmers in the East African Highlands, centred on Uganda, depend on bananas as a staple food crop and a source of income. The harvest, however, is threatened by many pests and diseases that also...
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The vast majority of the bananas currently grown and consumed were not conventionally bred but are selections made over probably thousands of years from naturally occurring hybrids. Cultivated bananas are very nearly sterile and as a consequence are not propagated from seed but rather through vegetative propagation, primarily suckers as well as more recently micropropagated or tissue cultured bananas. These factors, very old selections, near sterility and vegetative propagation, mean that these bananas have not been genetically improved either for resistance or improved quality and are becoming increasing in affected by serious pests and diseases.

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